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Prehistory

The production of petroleum from organic material is researched and operated for over a hundred years. So far it works only with very low efficiency and serious pollution.

  • 1913 Friedrich Bergius discovered such a method.
  • 1923 Tropsch and Fischer developed the Tropsche Fresh (FT) process.

The aim was to allow the oil poor Germany a self-supply of diesel oil for fuel supply and chemistry. The efficiency and environmental impact remained largely disregarded. International was based on the FT process intensively eg research at VEBA and Ruhrkohle AG and developed. In Germany, operating plants have been shut down years ago due to low efficiency and high pollution according to this principle. In example, But SA, United States and China will continue to build and operate such facilities. If the process efficiency due to high process temperatures, with approximately 30 to 50%, however, is totally inadequate and continues to lead to huge waste of valuable resources and great pollution.

The KDV-Process

Early 21st century Dr. Christian Koch succeeded with the ingenious breakthrough for highly efficient and not polluting method of conversion of organic material in full diesel (EN 590). In the unpressurized low temperature process produces no toxic gases, there are no chimneys and exhaust gas torches. There is nothing burned.

Leader in the research on this technique for more than 40 years, amongst others with SIEMENS, was Dr. Koch, the owner of patents for KDV process and CEO of Alphakat GmbH, Buttenheim and Eppendorf. The intensively operated research and development in recent years at Alphakat GmbH has today led to a state of the art, which ensures the highest standard quality of the diesel oil, as well as the efficiency of the plants.

Globally there is no provider that can offer such a state of the art technology.

褐煤到柴油的转换 比较:

DCI 过程 与 Alphakat®KDV 过程 煤直接清算压力更少的化学催化

开发:
中国神华O.L.Ch改进的F T ALPHAKAT® GmbH, Germany,

Dr. Chr. Koch

转换过程特点: 无压力

低温的(最高 240oC) 不需要任何水(可获得水) 不需要化学催化剂供应

高压力(90 到)180bar 最高温度(450 oC) (>1,000 oC?) 需要大量水 需要化学催化剂供应

同样的,干燥,造粒

煤的预处理: 同样的,干燥,造粒

能源效率:
50%至 60%(由 30%改进) 98%(意味着高出 60%!)

空气污染: 严重污染(40%~50%煤丢失) 无空气污染(甚至没有烟囱)

不存在有毒气体! 投资金额:

高,约是 KDV 设备 4-5 倍价格 低,只要 DCL 1/5-1/4 的价格

维护成本: 高,由于高压,高温,水处理 低,因为设备简单,无水处理,

无烟囱 能源消费:

电. 压缩机的能量,水循环, 以及其他

ZETAN 低(-14oC), 需要添加剂

以自身(柴油发电机)产生所有
必要电力

品质:

EN 590, ZETAN 45-60 (-45- -60 oC) 节省:

40%-50%煤(甚至更多?)!

比较是根据中国神华煤制油化工有限公司 Chu Geping 先生在实际网 络文章中为其有最先进技术的 DCL 设备给出的 6000 吨煤/天的容量 的数据。

投资成本 RMB 12,678,062,678 x 1/7.1= EUR 1,785,642,630
6000 吨煤/天以 60%(真的?)效率可转换近乎 1.430.000 升/天或 65.000 升/小时合成油。用 KDV 65.000 升/小时(效率>98%)的生产 线生产相同数量的柴油,投资成本将仅仅约为 EUR 360.000.000,意 味着仅是 DCL 设备很小一部分(~20%)的投资成本!!!

如果 6000 吨/天数量的煤用在 KDV 线里,需要 KDV100,000 的尺寸。 柴油的产生将是>100.000 升/小时意味着运用 KDV 技术将多出 50%!!! 每吨的开销将更低。
用 KDV 代替 DCL 技术的运营成本也降低许多,(没有水,没有催 化剂,没有电能,少人工和少维护)!

用 KDV 技术生产原油的预算将仅是用中国神华煤制油化工有限公司 最新的 DCL 技术生产原油的四分之一!! 对于这样庞大的生产而言,每升由 KDV 生产的成本甚至只有美国生 产的压裂油的 60%!

15.May 2015 Günter Voss

关键事实

KDV技术:自然界的样本

拥有专利的KDV技术,把褐煤、原油、塑料废弃物和生物量,以及来自于非食物链的生物残留通过化学催化(不是热转换!)转化成高品质的柴油、沥青和水。
– 有机物质转化成高质量柴油或沥青,没有压力 – 就像自然界中的过程一样 – 低温(smaller 250 °C)加上催化剂,但是区别在于几分钟内就能够完成自然界需要数百万年的过程。
(天然催化剂含量高的有机物质,例如褐煤,可以加到催化剂含量低的有机物质里面)。

为世界带来益处

  • 更有效地处理化石资源-对环境没有影响
  • 降低电力和燃料的成本
  • 从长远来看,KDV系统有可能利用植物、植物废弃物、木屑以及类似的有机物质完全取代化石燃料
  • 至于具有特殊风险的核电站,迄今为止核废料的处置是否造成损害仍然没有一个明确的结论,将来一定会成为历史的

一个有效的过程

  • 以褐煤为例子:当褐煤在KDV系统中被转化成柴油和沥青然后再转化成电,石油褐煤的煤电厂大约可以节约2/3的褐煤。
    (沥青的百分比取决于褐煤中天然含有的灰分比例)
  • 以石油为例:使用KDV改进炼油厂后,与传统高温分解技术相比,效率从大约60%升至大约93%,也就是说,效益增加50%

一个清洁的过程

传统热能生产过程中很大一部分物质被燃烧掉了,产生的有毒物质随着废气的排放和水蒸气一起散发到环境中。
KDV系统是一个没有烟筒的封闭系统,在低温下(smaller 250 °C) 运行,生产柴油、沥青和水。
正是因为低温运转,加上催化剂,KDV系统根本就不产生二恶英、呋喃、石蜡、树脂、焦炭和甲烷等污染环境的有害物质。

一个简单的过程

  • 整个加工过程中不需要水
  • 安装工程亦不复杂 – 一个低压低温过程和一个封闭系统
  • 相对而言较低的投资和维护成本
  • 简单而毫无风险的操作

Alphakat GmbH is the leading company delivering a patented and production ready technology transforming any organic material (biomass, plastic waste, brown coal or crude oil) to synthetic diesel. Our process mimics and accelerates the natural process of crude oil formation.

The highly efficient, low temperature, low pressure, zero emissions and non toxic process is called “Catalytic Depolymerization“ (KDV) and is the result of 40 years of research.

At Alphakat our driving force is to reduce air pollution and to economize fossile resources by helping to establish an environmentally friendly technology.

历史

100 years have lapsed between the first Nobel Prize honoured discovery of coal liquefaction and Koch’s new development of KDV coal-to-liquids.

The extremely profitability and the absolute environmental friendliness resulting from the efficiency and the simplicity of apparatus of the new procedure are revolutionary!

In 1913, the employee H. Speckens transformed the carbonisation product of peat into a benzene similar organic liquid at 450 °C and under a hydrogen pressure of 150 atm in the private lab of Friedrich Bergius. Further trials with brown and black coal also produced the benzene similar organic liquid. Still in the same year, Friedrich Bergius filed a patent application for a procedure for “coal-to-liquids” – the Bergius-Pier process.

In 1931, the Nobel Prize for Chemistry was awarded jointly to Friedrich Bergius and the chemist and chairman of the board of directors of the I.G. Farben, Carl Bosch, “in recognition to the invention and development of chemical high pressure methods”.

In 1923, Fischer and Tropsch further developed this technology. In Germany as well as in other parts of the world, scientist intensively worked on the procedure of coal liquefaction known under the term of FT to improve this technology which was too expensive compared with the production of fuels from crude oil. Today, systems which were manufactured based on this procedure are still in operation in South Africa and China. In Germany and Europe, existing plants were shut down already decades ago due to the high environmental burden and the economic inefficiency. Also China decided against further investments in this – meanwhile obsolete – technology in view of the high costs, the extreme high consumption of water and the unbearable environmental burden.

Following recent information, also the Iran decided in favour of the KDV technology.

In 1973, the chemist Dr. Christian Koch started to work with this technology. First, 17 years at SIEMENS which, however, closed the research institute. Dr. Koch received the patents granted until that moment instead of a redundancy payment and continued to develop this technology on his own. The discovery that a transformation of organic materials into oil was possible even without the presently usual high pressure and the relatively high temperature was pioneering. First, he successfully applied the developed process of KDV (katalytische drucklose Verölung – catalytic pressure depolymerisation) using the added catalyst to process biomasses and similar. With the further development of the industrial manufacturing equipment it became possible to transform even brown coal into diesel oil. The KDV process also facilitates a transformation of all other organic materials as plants, wood, plastic, etc. to diesel oil – economically efficiently and without environmental burden. The energy of the future.

The relatively low KDV system costs, low operating costs (e.g. no water necessary! Own energy supply) and the very high efficiency (about 95%) make extremely low production costs possible with the transformation of – for example – brown coal (no addition of a catalyst necessary) into diesel oil of first quality according to EN 590 – and without burdening the environment. There are no chimneys and no exhaust gas torch in KDV systems. (With the first use of KDV technology in refineries, the revenue gained from crude oil increases by approx. 50%.) In case of systems with an hourly output of for example nominal 125,000 l/h and coal costs of 25 € / t, a price per litre diesel oil (EN 590) of approx. 0.16 euro / l is achieved. In case of comparable system sizes based on the FT process technology, the production costs are much higher. The vast costs of the significant environmental burden are not taken into consideration.

The implementation of this – compared with the old technology – new KDV technology, which is revolutionary in many aspects, is a MUST for the world if it does not want to disappear in smog and continue to consume fossil resources disrespectfully. 

Dr. Koch

联系

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邮件地址:
Alphakat GmbH, Schulstrasse 8, 96155 Buttenheim, Germany · Tel +49 9545 208, Fax +49 9545 950 325 · mail@alphakat.de

KDV 研讨会:
Freiberger Str. 222, 09575 Eppendorf, Germany